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Timor-Leste

Population 1,066,582
Capital Dili

Timor-Leste achieved independence in 2002 following years of occupation and resistance. In 1975, after Portugal dissolved its colonial empire, Indonesia invaded within days. At least 100,000 Timorese died as a result of unrest and Indonesia's 24-year occupation. In a referendum facilitated by the United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) overwhelming support was shown for independence by the Timorese, resulting in a wave of violence by pro-autonomy militia and Indonesian forces killing more than 1,200 and displacing 250,000. An international peacekeeping force halted the violence and a UN Mission was established to support the transition period, handing power over to the newly born nation on 20 May 2002. National efforts towards reconciliation have included the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation. In 2006 an internal outbreak of violence threatened national building efforts and generated international attention, with the UN Security Council setting up a new peacekeeping unit.
 

p-circle.png N-Peace Timor-Leste

Since 2011, N-Peace in Timor-Leste has aimed to promote women’s leadership, awareness of UNSCR 1325, and advance its implementation. The latter has taken place via efforts to integrate provisions of UNSCR 1325 within national policy, specifically aimed at addressing Gender-Based Violence (GBV).  Engaging youth in peace building efforts has also… read more ↓

peace-circle.png Women, Peace & Security Agenda

Timor-Leste is currently implementing a National Action Plan on GBV, via the Office of the Secretary of State for the Promotion of Equality, which has links to protection provisions of UNSCR 1325. Some national stakeholders, including members of civil society and women’s organizations, believe this framework does not comprehensively integrate… read more ↓
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